Do you notice that currencies are always quoted in pairs?

This is because each time you trade in the Forex market, you’re simultaneously buying one currency and sell for another.

The purpose of a quoted pair is to make it easier for people to understand the value of one currency by reflecting the value of another.

How To Read A Quote

Forex Quote Sample

In the example above, the quote of GBP/USD = 1.4439 shows that one British pound is worth Remember that the base currency is always equal to one unit.

So let’s say, if you thinks that Japanese Yen will depreciate relative to Euro, then you’ll probably start buying EUR/JPY, which simply means that you’re buying the base currency ( in his case, the EUR) and selling the quote currency (in this case, JPY). Or sell a pair if you thinks that the base currency will depreciate relative to the quote currency

1.4439 USD dollars. The currency to the left (in this case, the GBP) is what we called the base currency and the one to the right (in this case, the USD) is called the quote or counter currency.

Types of Currency Pairs

There are four types of currency pair in the Forex market which is the major, the minor, the crosses and the exotic.

But before that, we will need to understand what are the symbols (also known as the nickname of currency) that represents the currency of each country.

Nicknames of Currency


The major currency pair are those that constitute around 85% of the market share which have excellent liquidity.

Major Currency Pairs


Minor currency pair are pairs that does not involve the trading of USD.

Minor Currency Pairs


There are different types of crosses based on different currency. For examples, the Euro Crosses, Yen Crosses, Pound Crosses and Aussie Crosses.

Euro Crosses


Yen Crosses


Pound Crosses


Aussie Crosses



Exotic currency pairs are pairs involved the currency of a developing country such as the Asia, the Pacific, the Middle East and the Africa.


What Is A Pip?

Quotes sample -2

Price Interest Point is the smallest unit change. More accurately, it represents the changes of the fourth decimal point in a currency pair.

What Is A Spread?

A spread is the difference between the selling price (also known as the Bid price) and the buying price (also known as the Ask price).  The lower the spread, the higher the liquidity of the currency will be.

Bid price are usually lower than Ask because it is the price at which a brokerage or market maker is willing to buy the base currency in exchange for the quote currency. In contrast, the Ask is usually higher than the Bid as it is the price at which trader is willing to sell the base currency in exchange for the quote currency.

What Is Long / Short?

When you hear traders saying “going long” or taking a “long position” usually means that they are going to buy the base currency and sell the quote currency. In the other hand, when you hear traders saying “going short” or taking a “short position”, it simply means that they are going to sell the base currency and buy the quote currency.

Quotes sample -3

Bull Market

A bull market often refers to an up trending market when all the economy are doing good.

Bear Market

A bear market refers to a down trending market when the economy are not doing good.